Percutaneous treatment of non-contained lumbar disc herniation by injection of oxygen–ozone combined
ZhiQun Wua, , , Long Xiao Weia, 1, Jun Lib, Yiqing Wanga, DaiHui Nia, Peng Yangc and Yuhai Zhangc
aTherapy Center of Pain, Division of Interventional Radiology, Tang Du Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xian 710038, China
bTherapy Center of Pain, Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Tang Du Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xian 710038, China
cDepartment of Biostatistics, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xian 710032, China
Received 31 March 2008; accepted 28 July 2008. Available online 7 September 2008.
【Abstract】Purpose：To evaluate the therapeutic results of oxygen–ozone combined collagenase injection for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation compared to the surgery. And to explore the role of this minimally invasive treatment as an alternative to disc surgery. Materials and methods：Two groups of patients (n = 108) were treated with different ways respectively. Minimally invasive group of patients was treated with the injection of oxygen–ozone combined with collagenase into the lumbar disc or the epidural space; the other group was treated with traditional surgery. After the treatment, the patients were followed-up and the therapeutic effect was assessed at 2 weeks, 3 and 12 months by the modified Macnab criteria.
Results：The success rate was 86.11% and 88.89% in minimally invasive group at 3 and 12 months respectively, while 92.59% and 95.37% in surgical group. There was no statistically significant difference between two groups at 3 and 12 months (P = 0.123, P = 0.08). However, the surgical group produced a statistically significant greater improvement for back pain and disability in the first few weeks (P = 0.0001). The success rate was 51.86% and 85.18% at 2 weeks in minimally invasive group and surgical group respectively. No serious complication occurred in this group.Conclusions：The combination of the oxygen–ozone with collagenase shows significant reductions in pain and improvements in function at 3 and 12 months, it can be considered as an option for the treatment of non-contained lumbar disc herniation instead of surgery.
Keywords: Chemonucleolysis; Collagenase; Oxygen–ozone; Surgery; Lumbar disc herniation